Title: Vision2tactile: feeling touch by sight
Author: B.S. Zapata-Impata, P. Gil, F. Torres
Conference: Robotics Science and Systems (RSS): Workshop on Closing the Reality Gap in Sim2real Transfer for Robotic Manipulation, June 23, 2019
Abstract: Latest trends in robotic grasping combine vision and touch for improving the performance of systems at tasks like stability prediction. However, tactile data are only available during the grasp, limiting the set of scenarios in which multimodal solutions can be applied. Could we obtain it prior to grasping? We explore the use of visual perception as a stimulus for generating tactile data so the robotic system can ‘feel’ the response of the tactile perception just by looking at the object.
Published in “Jornada de Jóvenes Investigadores del I3A”, vol. 7 (Proceedings of the VIII Jornada de Jóvenes Investigadores del I3A – June 6, 2019).
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Title: Deformation-based shape control with a multirobot system
Authors: Miguel Aranda, Juan Antonio Corrales and Youcef Mezouar
Conference: IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May 20-24, 2019 Montreal, Canada.
Abstract: We present a novel method to control the relative positions of the members of a robotic team. The application scenario we consider is the cooperative manipulation of a deformable object in 2D space. A typical goal in this kind of scenario is to minimize the deformation of the object with respect to a desired state. Our contribution, then, is to use a global measure of deformation directly in the feedback loop. In particular, the robot motions are based on the descent along the gradient of a metric that expresses the difference between the team’s current configuration and its desired shape. Crucially, the resulting multirobot controller has a simple expression and is inexpensive to compute, and the approach lends itself to analysis of both the transient and asymptotic dynamics of the system. This analysis reveals a number of properties that are interesting for a manipulation task: fundamental geometric parameters of the team (size, orientation, centroid, and distances between robots) can be suitably steered or bounded. We describe different policies within the proposed deformation-based control framework that produce useful team behaviors. We illustrate the methodology with computer simulations.
Title: Framework for Fast Experimental Testing of Autonomous Navigation Algorithms
Author: Muñoz–Bañón MÁ, del Pino I, Candelas FA, Torres F. Framework for Fast Experimental Testing of Autonomous Navigation Algorithms.
Journal: Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(10):1997. doi:10.3390/app9101997
Abstract: Research in mobile robotics requires fully operative autonomous systems to test and compare algorithms in real-world conditions. However, the implementation of such systems remains to be a highly time-consuming process. In this work, we present a robot operating system (ROS)-based navigation framework that allows the generation of new autonomous navigation applications in a fast and simple way. Our framework provides a powerful basic structure based on abstraction levels that ease the implementation of minimal solutions with all the functionalities required to implement a whole autonomous system. This approach helps to keep the focus in any sub-problem of interest (i.g. localization or control) while permitting to carry out experimental tests in the context of a complete application. To show the validity of the proposed framework we implement an autonomous navigation system for a ground robot using a localization module that fuses global navigation satellite system (GNSS) positioning and Monte Carlo localization by means of a Kalman filter. Experimental tests are performed in two different outdoor environments, over more than twenty kilometers. All the developed software is available in a GitHub repository.
Title: Clasificación de objetos usando percepción bimodal de palpación única en acciones de agarre robótico
Author: Edison Velasco, Brayan S. Zapata-Impata, Pablo Gil, Fernando Torres
Journal: Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática industrial, [S.l.], abr. 2019. ISSN 1697-7920. doi: https://doi.org/10.4995/riai.2019.10923.
Abstract: Este trabajo presenta un método para clasificar objetos agarrados con una mano robótica multidedo combinando en un descriptor híbrido datos propioceptivos y táctiles. Los datos propioceptivos se obtienen a partir de las posiciones articulares de la mano y los táctiles del contacto registrado por células de presión en las falanges. La aproximación propuesta permite identificar el objeto, extrayendo de la pose de la mano la geometría de contacto y de los sensores táctiles la estimación de la rigidez y flexibilidad de éste. El método muestra que usar datos bimodales de distinta naturaleza y técnicas de aprendizaje supervisado mejora la tasa de reconocimiento. En la experimentación, se han llevado a cabo más de 3000 agarres de hasta 7 objetos domésticos distintos, obteniendo clasificaciones correctas del 95% con métrica F1, sin necesidad de ejecutar múltiples palpaciones del objeto. Además, la generalización del método se ha verificado entrenando nuestro sistema con ciertos objetos y clasificando otros nuevos sin conocimiento previo alguno de estos.
Title: 3DCNN Performance in Hand Gesture Recognition Applied to Robot Arm Interaction
Author: Castro-Vargas, J., Zapata-Impata, B., Gil, P., Garcia-Rodriguez, J. and Torres, F.
Conference: In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods – Volume 1, 2019: ICPRAM, ISBN 978-989-758-351-3, pages 802-806. DOI: 10.5220/0007570208020806
Abstract: In the past, methods for hand sign recognition have been successfully tested in Human Robot Interaction (HRI) using traditional methodologies based on static image features and machine learning. However, the recognition of gestures in video sequences is a problem still open, because current detection methods achieve low scores when the background is undefined or in unstructured scenarios. Deep learning techniques are being applied to approach a solution for this problem in recent years. In this paper, we present a study in which we analyse the performance of a 3DCNN architecture for hand gesture recognition in an unstructured scenario. The system yields a score of 73% in both accuracy and F1. The aim of the work is the implementation of a system for commanding robots with gestures recorded by video in real scenarios.
Title: Fast geometry-based computation of grasping points on three-dimensional point clouds
Author: Brayan S Zapata-Impata, Pablo Gil, Jorge Pomares, Fernando Torres
Journal: International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, January-February 2019: 1–18, https://doi.org/10.1177/1729881419831846
Abstract: Industrial and service robots deal with the complex task of grasping objects that have different shapes and which are seen from diverse points of view. In order to autonomously perform grasps, the robot must calculate where to place its robotic hand to ensure that the grasp is stable. We propose a method to find the best pair of grasping points given a three-dimensional point cloud with the partial view of an unknown object. We use a set of straightforward geometric rules to explore the cloud and propose grasping points on the surface of the object. We then adapt the pair of contacts to a multi-fingered hand used in experimentation. We prove that, after performing 500 grasps of different objects, our approach is fast, taking an average of 17.5 ms to propose contacts, while attaining a grasp success rate of 85.5%. Moreover, the method is sufficiently flexible and stable to work with objects in changing environments, such as those confronted by industrial or service robots.
Title: Learning Spatio Temporal Tactile Features with a ConvLSTM for the Direction Of Slip Detection
Author: Zapata-Impata, Brayan S. and Gil, Pablo and Torres, Fernando
Journal: Sensors 2019, 19(3), 523; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030523
Abstract: Robotic manipulators have to constantly deal with the complex task of detecting whether a grasp is stable or, in contrast, whether the grasped object is slipping. Recognising the type of slippage—translational, rotational—and its direction is more challenging than detecting only stability, but is simultaneously of greater use as regards correcting the aforementioned grasping issues. In this work, we propose a learning methodology for detecting the direction of a slip (seven categories) using spatio-temporal tactile features learnt from one tactile sensor. Tactile readings are, therefore, pre-processed and fed to a ConvLSTM that learns to detect these directions with just 50 ms of data. We have extensively evaluated the performance of the system and have achieved relatively high results at the detection of the direction of slip on unseen objects with familiar properties (82.56% accuracy).
Title: Non-Matrix Tactile Sensors: How Can Be Exploited Their Local Connectivity For Predicting Grasp Stability?
Author: Brayan S. Zapata-Impata, Pablo Gil, Fernando Torres
Publication: arXiv.org – arXiv:1809.05551
Abstract: Tactile sensors supply useful information during the interaction with an object that can be used for assessing the stability of a grasp. Most of the previous works on this topic processed tactile readings as signals by calculating hand-picked features. Some of them have processed these readings as images calculating characteristics on matrix-like sensors. In this work, we explore how non-matrix sensors (sensors with taxels not arranged exactly in a matrix) can be processed as tactile images as well. In addition, we prove that they can be used for predicting grasp stability by training a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with them. We captured over 2500 real three-fingered grasps on 41 everyday objects to train a CNN that exploited the local connectivity inherent on the non-matrix tactile sensors, achieving 94.2% F1-score on predicting stability.